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# Types of Reasoning | Study Notes | UGC NET Paper 1

Types of reasoning: The reasoning is a way of assessment of the thinking ability and solving the problem in a logical pattern. The reasoning supports to identify the potential problem-solving ability in all aspiring candidates (who will be a research scholar or an assistant professor) by assessing verbal and non-verbal thinking.

## Types of Reasoning

There are two types of reasoning:

1. Verbal Reasoning
2. Non-Verbal Reasoning (No questions from this type of reasoning in UGC NET Exam)

### 1. Verbal Reasoning

Verbal reasoning does aware of how a person takes new information by measuring their ability to engage with language, i.e., verbal information. The Verbal Reasoning measures a candidate’s ability to engage with the language medium to identify their wider reasoning ability and potential. Verbal reasoning highlights pupils’ skills in verbal thinking above and beyond their formal literacy abilities and can be used alone or as part of a wider assessment programme.

Verbal reasoning further divided into two parts:

1. General Mental Ability: It includes different type of reasoning questions like, series completion, analogy, classification, coding-decoding, blood relations, direction sense test, logical venn diagrams, alphabet test, alphanumeric sequence puzzle, number, ranking & time sequence test, mathematical operations, logical sequence of words, arithmetical reasoning, etc.
2. Logical Deduction: It concludes logic, statement-arguments, statement – assumptions, statement-courses of action, statement-conclusions, deriving conclusions from passages, theme detection, cause and effect reasoning.

### 2. Non-Verbal Reasoning

Non-Verbal reasoning involves no reading, and it provides insight into the abilities of candidates who think more easily in images than words.

The non-verbal reasoning covers various types of questions, testing vocabulary, verbal analogies, logical reasoning, symbol manipulation using letters, numbers, and words in sentences.

Non-Verbal reasoning identifies the potential in the individuals as the assessment is word-free and non-culturally specific, and therefore not biased towards any social, cultural, or linguistic group.

## Types of Reasoning based on Arguments

The three types of reasoning based on arguments that are followings:

1. Deductive Reasoning
2. Inductive Reasoning
3. Abductive Reasoning

For more details about the types of reasoning based on arguments, you can also visit the Deductive and Inductive Reasoning of Unit – Logical Reasoning.

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