Logical Reasoning

Venn Diagram: Establishing Validity of Arguments | UGC NET Paper 1

Venn Diagram Venn diagram is an illustration of the relationships between and among sets, groups of objects that share something in common. A Venn diagram uses overlapping circles or other shapes to illustrate the logical relationships between two or more sets of items. They serve to graphically organise things and highlighting how the items are …

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Deductive and Inductive Reasoning | Logical Reasoning | NET Paper 1

Reasoning According to the Oxford Dictionary, Reasoning can be defined as “the action of thinking about something in a logical, sensible way.” Merriam-Webster dictionary defines as “the process of thinking about something in a logical way in order to form a conclusion or judgment. Or, the ability of the mind to think and understand things …

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Structure and Kinds of Anumana, Vyapti, Hetvabhasas | UGC NET Paper 1

The Sanskrit word “Anumana” is the combination of two words, “Anu” means ‘after’ and “mana” means measurement. The whole word literally means measuring after something. According to Indian Philosophy, Anumana is a knowledge that is obtained after proof. We know by now that knowledge derived through “anumana” is not direct since it makes use of …

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Indian Logic: Means of Knowledge |Logical Reasoning | UGC NET Paper 1

Indian Logic Indian Logic: Logic is the study of inference and argument. Logic has always fascinated humankind for its sheer scope of immense arguments and discussions. It is the scientific study of ‘reasoning. Using the term “Scientific” does not mean anything related to the basic sciences. The usage of the term is primarily more as …

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Pramanas | Meaning, Types | Logical Reasoning | UGC NET

Pramanas Pramanas: Pramana (“sources of knowledge” or “measure”) is an epistemological term in Indian and Buddhist philosophies referring to the means by which a person obtains accurate and valid knowledge (Prama, pramiti) of the world. In obtaining Prama, or correct knowledge, Pramana forms one part of a triputi (trio): Pramata, the subject (the knower) Pramaņa, …

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Structure of Arguments | Logical Reasoning | UGC NET Paper 1

What is Argument? Arguments: An argument is a set of statements, one of which, the conclusion is taken to be supported by the remaining statements,  the premises. For example; Premises:        All men are mortal Socrates is a man Conclusion:    Socrates is mortal In the above example, there are three statements, 1) All men are mortal, …

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