The awareness about the factors affecting teaching would help the teacher to make teaching and learning more effective.
Factor Affecting Teaching
The factors can be categorised on the following basis:
- Factors affecting teaching related to Teacher
- Factors affecting teaching related to Learner
- Factors affecting teaching related to Support Material
- Factors affecting teaching related to Instructional Facilities
- Factors affecting teaching related to Learning Environment
- Factors affecting teaching related to Institution
Factors Affecting Teaching Related to Teacher
If the learner stands on one end of the ongoing teaching-learning process as one of the poles then the teacher acts as the other pole for the desired one of the teaching-learning activities in the classroom. Hence, factors related to teachers play a significant role in the process of teaching.
The following are the factors affecting teaching related to the teacher in the teaching-learning process:
- Subject Knowledge: There is a saying that a teacher is only as good as what they know. If a teacher lacks knowledge in a subject, that dearth of understanding is passed along to the students. A teacher who knows his subjects well can only play a decisive role in leading the journey of the teaching-learning process.
- Knowledge of learners: This is a broad category that incorporates knowledge of the cognitive, social, and emotional development of learners. It includes an understanding of how students learn at a given developmental level; how learning in a specific subject area typically progresses like learning progressions or trajectories; the awareness that learners have individual needs and abilities; and an understanding that instruction should be tailored to meet each learner’s needs.
- Teaching Skills: A teacher may know his subject well but to share, communicate, and interact with various experiences related to the learning of the subject, he needs specific teaching skills. The proficiency and deficiency possessed by a teacher in this regard are quite responsible for turning the teacher-learning process into a big success or failure.
- Friendliness and Approachability: Because it’s the teacher’s job to help students learn, they must be easy to approach. Students will have questions that can’t be answered if the teacher isn’t friendly and easy to talk to. The unapproachable, mean, arrogant, rude, teacher can’t last long. If the students think of their teacher as their enemy, they certainly won’t learn much. The best teachers are the most open, welcoming, and easy to approach. A good teacher possesses good listening skills and takes time out of their busy schedule to solve all kinds of problems for their students.
- Personality and behaviour: A teacher as a leader has to lead his students in the teaching-learning process through the magnetic influence and incredible impression left on the minds of the students on the basis of his personality traits and behaviour. He is a role model for his students. His actions, behaviour pattern and personality traits carry great meaning to his students for being imitated and brought into practice.
- Level of Adjustment and Mental health: How adjusted a teacher feels in his personal and professional life and the state and level of mental health maintained by the teacher carry much weight in influencing his teacher behaviour and teacher effectiveness needed for the effective control and management of the teaching, learning process. While a teacher possessing poor mental health and lack of adjustment in his personal and professional life may prove totally failure in the realization of teaching-learning objective, a teacher possessing good mental health and adjustment may prove an ideal image to his students and boon to the effectiveness of the teaching-learning process.
- Discipline: In a classroom, a teacher uses discipline to ensure routine is maintained, school rules are enforced, and the students are in a safe learning environment. A great teacher has effective discipline skills and can promote positive behaviours and change in the classroom. Without discipline, learning cannot be accomplished.
Factors Affecting Teaching Related to the Learner
Both physiological and psychological factors of the learner affect learning outcomes. These can be discussed as follows:
- Maturation: – Maturation is the process of development of bodily systems and coordination in the functioning of bodily organs and It is the physical readiness of the individual for learning. Maturation governs not only certain specific motor behaviour such as walking and talking etc., it also plays an essential role in acquiring other skills such as reading and writing. This readiness or potentially within the individual determines “what to learn” and ‘how to learn’.
- Age: – Mental abilities and potentialities develop with age, so learning efficiency increases with age up to a certain level, and after that, it tends to decrease. As children are in growing and developing age, their capacity to learn and acquire new things is greater as compared to that of the older individuals. Grown-up children have grater potential to learn than very young children.
- Motivation: – Motivation is the core of learning. It is of pivotal importance in affecting an individual’s persistence to learn. Motivation is important in at least three ways; (i) It is a condition for eliciting behaviour. In other words, it brings out appropriate behaviour to be learned, (ii) Motivation is necessary for reinforcement, which, in turn, is an essential condition for learning, i.e. motivation permits reinforcement to occur, and (iii) It increases the variability of behaviour and thus raising the probability of occurrence of correct responses. For example, curiosity and exploratory drive bring the individual into wider contact with the environment which increases the possibility of performing correct behaviour/response. Thus, motivation provides a powerful incentive for the learner to perform.
- Previous learning: –Rate of learning is partially determined by the learner’s previous learning experiences with similar or somewhat similar material. I
- Intelligence: – Intelligence, innate mental ability is basic to the cognitive development of an individual.
- Mental health: – Good mental health in terms of the absence of anxiety, conflict, worry, and frustration, etc. provides the learner with a good ground to learn better.
- Physical handicaps and dysfunctioning: –Malformation and malfunctioning of physical organs or some system cause great hindrance in children’s proper learning.
- Diet and nutrition: – Good diet and other nutrients are an essential part of good physical health. These are essential for developing children and for better learning.
- Attention and interest: –Both are interrelated to each other and are also a part of the motivation. Interest originates attention, and attention creates interest in the material/subject to be learned.
- Goal-setting and level of aspiration: – Goal-setting and level of aspiration both related to the psychodynamics of behaviour.
Educationists and psychologists set the syllabi according to the physical and mental development of children; even then, the important material related factors influencing learning can be discussed as follows:
- The diffi…….
- Length o………
- The similarit…….
- Organised ………
- Life lear……..
Factors Related to Methods of Teaching (Instructional Facilities) and Environment
Knowledge of methods of teaching is very essential for effective learning. For better outcomes, teachers should use the appropriate methods of teaching considering chronological age and mental development of children. However, a summary of the generally used methods is presented below:
- Whole V/s …….
The teaching-learning process depends on many factors and they are interdependent to each other. Institutions are one of the factors that directly affect teaching.
The following factors can be summarised as Factors affecting Teaching related to Institutions:
- Teacher -Student ratio
- Quality of Teachers and Their Commitments
- Adopted Teaching Methods
- Institutional Achievements
- Physical and Material Resources